walking tour: Florence, Rome, Milan, Venice, Naples


Volterra Free Tour
Volterra Free tour



Volterra, known to the ancient Etruscans as Velathri or Vlathri[4] and to the Romans as Volaterrae,[5] is a town and comune in the Tuscany region of Italy. The town was a Bronze Age settlement of the Proto-Villanovan culture,[6][7] and an important Etruscan center (Velàthre, Velathri or Felathri in Etruscan, Volaterrae in Latin language), one of the “twelve cities” of the Etruscan League.[8][9]

The site is believed to have been continuously inhabited as a city since at least the end of the 8th century BC.[10][11][12] It became a municipium allied to Rome at the end of the 3rd century BC.[13][14] The city was a bishop’s residence in the 5th century,[15] and its episcopal power was affirmed during the 12th century. With the decline of the episcopate and the discovery of local alum deposits, Volterra became a place of interest of the Republic of Florence, whose forces conquered Volterra.[16] Florentine rule was not always popular, and opposition occasionally broke into rebellion.[17] These rebellions were put down by Florence.

When the Republic of Florence fell in 1530, Volterra came under the control of the Medici family and later followed the history of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In 1472, during the war between Volterra and Florence in the called Allumiere war which finished with the sacking of Volterra by the Duke of Montefeltro and his army, it caused the emigration of many wealthy families and the appropiation of their goods.

Main sights

Further information: Persio Flacco Theater


Volterra has a station on the Cecina-Volterra Railway, called “Volterra Saline – Pomarance” due to its position, in the frazione of Saline di Volterra.

All in formation come from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.